- Cancer of the cervix can prevented, vaccinate your children!
- Detected in the early stages, cervical cancer is cure 90 percent, even 95 percent, test yourself regularly!
January is the world’s month of prevention and awareness of cervical cancer, just as October is the month of breast cancer. Globally, over 550,000 women were diagnosed with cervical cancer in 2018, and over 310,000 women lost their lives due to this disease.
Romania ranks 2nd in the European Union with regard to the number of diseases, and cervical cancer ranked second in the number of cancers suffering from Romanian, after breast cancer. More serious that many of the diagnoses being made very late when treatment options limited. In addition, in our country the subject of anti-HPV vaccination is still a sensitive one.
“Despite screening programs and the promotion of anti-HPV vaccination, we see patients in Romania with advanced cervical cancer. I would recall, in this context, the importance of regular gynecological control and Babeş Papanicolau test.
There is more and more talk about the anti-HPV vaccine. 90 to are of the colorectal cancers are given by HPV infection. Therefore, it is estimated that in the future, vaccination will lower the rate of cervical cancer, “says oncologist Leyla Ozer of Acibadem clinics .
Of 200 HPV strains, 30 localized at the genital level. Of these, 15 types of HPV strains involved in the development of colorectal cancer. But 70-80 percent of the cancers caused by strains 16 and 18. These two strains produce 5 times more cancer than the other 13 oncogenic strains together.
“Many women get scared when they find infected with HPV because they are automatically thinking of cancer. But cancer triggered when HPV infection, which causes inflammation, associated with smoking, the large number of births, the consumption immunosuppressive drugs and genetic risk.
Only a woman in 3 at high risk will develop cancer. Under these conditions, the usefulness of Pap test and HPV testing explained. Detected at an early stage, HPV malignant lesions can treated successfully, “strengthens the pro-responsible attitude professor Mehmet Faruk Köse, gynecologist, obstetrician and oncologist at ACIBADEM Atakent University Hospital.
Although it is very unlikely, Human Papilloma Virus can taken from the toilet, towels or other bathroom accessories. But HPV usually sexually transmitted. Men can be carriers of HPV and can forward it to women. Once contracted by the partner, the virus becomes active between one and a half to 15 years of contact. The average time the virus becomes active is between 7 and 8 years. For males, the virus eliminated within 6 months.
“HPV infects the cervix and causes inflammation in the genital area. Normally, inflammation passes by itself. However, if there associated risk factors or the virus oncogenic, the damage ranked as CIN1.
There is a possibility that the virus may produce low-risk malignancy. But if there associated risks, then the lesions can have major risk of malignancy. CIN1 does not require treatment, and 60 percent of cases resolve alone.
But if we talk about CIN2 and CIN3, then patients get treatment to reduce the risk of cancer. The risk for disease to evolve from CIN2 and CIN3 is 15%. In these cases, it is enough to remove the cervical lesion while keeping the uterus, “says Professor Mehmet Faruk Köse.
“In the early stages, cervical cancer can surgically treated successfully. There also chemotherapeutic drugs, but they used more advanced stages. If the tumor has spread to areas near the uterine cervix, then we do not recommend surgery but chemotherapy combined with radiotherapy.
It’s a classic but effective treatment, even in these stages. However, in stage 3 cervical cancer, the risk of relapse is very high, even if chemoradiotherapy applied. But there is a percentage of patients that can be treated successfully. In stage 4 of the disease, we apply palliative care to relieve patient suffering and prolong survival, “adds doctor Leyla Ozer.