9 causes of vaginal itching
Many women occasionally suffer from vaginal itching. It is a common and often recurring problem. Fortunately it is often not serious but it is very annoying and often also something for which one is ashamed.
Often this itching goes on automatically, but it can also be that you have a fungal infection or bacterial infection. Then go to your doctor for a treatment.
1. Fungal infection
A vaginal yeast infection, also called a candida infection, is an infection of your vagina caused by a fungus. A vaginal yeast infection is not dangerous and not contagious. But it is very annoying, partly because you suffer from itching and white discharge and you can have pain when urinating and making love.
A fungal infection is fairly easy to treat, but it is important to finish the treatment. If you do not, there is a chance that the infection is not completely gone. A recurring candida infection is difficult to treat. To reduce the risk of a vaginal yeast infection, it is advisable not to wash your vagina with soap, but to rinse with lukewarm water in the shower, possibly using a soap-free washing emulsion. Do not wear tight synthetic trousers and do not use panty liners.
2. Bacterial vaginas
With a bacterial vaginas, the natural acidity in your vagina is disturbed, usually caused by an excessive growth of bacteria that normally occur in your vagina. It can be accompanied by itching and / or pain, a burning sensation when urinating and an abnormal, bad-smelling vaginal discharge. This condition can be treated well with antibiotics. To minimize the natural acidity of the vagina, the same tips apply as for a fungal infection.
Genital herpes is a highly contagious STD, caused by the herpes virus. There are 2 types of herpes virus that can be transmitted through sexual contact. Herpes genitalia is one of them and sits on your genitals. The virus can also be transmitted through someone’s fingers or mouth to other parts of one’s own body or to another. The complaints you may have are itching, burning, blisters or sores on or around the vagina or in places that are difficult to see, such as on the cervix, around the anus and you may have pain when urinating. The virus remains lifelong in your body, but there are medications that can reduce the duration and severity of the symptoms.
Gonorrhea is also a highly contagious STD. It is caused by the bacteria pneumococci. In women this usually causes no symptoms but when there are complaints then these include vaginal discharge with green moisture, pain during sex and irritation with itching of the pubic or anus area.
When gonorrhea is not treated, the consequences can be very serious, particularly in women. Gonorrhea can be treated well with antibiotics. Also sexual partner (s) of the last 6 weeks must be treated, even if they are not affected.
Scabies, or scabies, are caused by the scabies mite and are very contagious. You usually get scabies through intimate contact. Small red purple bumps can then develop on the genitals and cause persistent itching, especially in the evening and at night, but is also not serious. Crabs do not really help and you run the risk of damaging the skin. Scabies can be treated with a cream or gel. Bed linen, towels and clothes must also be washed.
6. Hormone deficiency
In women around and after the menopause, vaginal itching can be caused by a hormone deficiency which causes less vaginal fluid to be created, making the vagina drier. This can also be done in the second half of the menstrual cycle or when using hormonal contraception.
7. Lichen sclerosis
Lichen sclerosis is a persistent chronic skin disorder that usually occurs on the labia, vagina and anus. The skin loses its elasticity and feels tight, and you get white spots, severe itching and pain around the genitals. With heat, such as in bed, the itching can only get worse. It mainly occurs in women between the ages of 50 and 60, and before puberty. Probably it is an autoimmune disorder, but the real cause is not yet known. Despite the fact that it can not be cured, you can be treated well for the itching and pain.
8. Pubic lice
Pubic lice (platelets) are transmitted through sexual contact. But that can also be done via towels, bedding or mattresses. The itching is often on the skin of the vulva where red spots occur due to the ignition of the bites. Itching is often the worst at night. An infection with pubic lice is quick and easy to treat with anti-lice lotions or creams. The pubic hair can also be shaved off and with that most eggs disappear.
9. Skin irritation
Vaginal itching can also be caused by irritation of the skin. This skin irritation can be caused by, for example, wearing too tight clothing, sweat, certain care products, detergents and shaving the pubic hair. Avoid wearing too tight clothes and do not wear underwear at night. Soap dries out the skin, so it is better not to use it too much. In addition, it is important that you regularly replace your tampons and sanitary napkins.
When to consult a doctor?
If you suffer from itching a lot, if the itching stays on or comes back with some regularity, then you should go to your doctor. Also when the itching is accompanied by other complaints such as a burning sensation when urinating, pain, abnormal or bad smelling vaginal discharge, skin rash or reddening.